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Extra info for Spiders and Their Kin (Golden Guide)
Less than a ledge, Hypochilus builds its lampshade-shape net, lined with hackled threads; the spider hangs within opposed to the ledge. Flies should be stuck at the outdoors of the internet and pulled via or they're trapped below the net cover. CRIBELLATES 107 cribellum carapace FILISTATIDS (Filistatidae) of fewer than 50 species are universal in southern Europe and different hot components of the area , a dozen within the U. S. The cribellum could be tough to work out, however the form of the carapace is diagnostic. by means of day they cover in a tubular retreat in a crevice of a wall. As in Ariadna (p . 27), silk strands rad iate from the mouth of the tube . men have for much longer legs than ladies . ladies lack an epigynum . Fi/istata sp. ~ 18 mm (0. 7") Arizona 108 CRIBEllATES ERESIDS (Eresidae) of approximately a hundred species are present in Eurasia and Africa, none within the Americas. huge and furry, they resemble Mygalomorphs (p. 20). Eresids reside lower than a stone on the finish of a silken tube from which an online extends past the stone among plant stems. the internet resembles that of a Funnel Weaver (p. seventy two) yet isn't as fresh and new taking a look. a few have a canopy over tube. men can be brightly coloured. a few species are colonial. Eresus Eresus niger Eurasia, northern Africa CRIBELLATES 109 Dictyna DICTYNIDS (Dictynidae) of approximately 500 small (less than five mm , zero. 2") species, around the world in distribution, shape the biggest kinfolk of cribellate spiders (p. 106). universal within the U. S. and Europe, they su perficia Ily resemble Cobweb Weavers (p. 36). The abnormal webs are at information of crops, lower than leaves, or in crevices . comparable Psechridae (not proven) of southeastern Asia and New Zealand have a tuft lower than the 3rd claw. AMAUROBIIDS (Amaurobiidae) are a lot higher than the Dictynids and are just like the Funnel Weavers (p. 72). they're stumbled on lower than logs or stones, the place they make a unfastened internet with coarse hackling. There are 300350 species; the kinfolk is around the world in distribution. Many N . A . and ecu species are quite common , yet anly the simply obvious cribellum distinguishes them from the Funnel Weavers. Amauro/)ius face Titanoeca americana ~ 6 mm (0. 2 ) jap U. S. Canada CRIBELLATES 111 ~ (;)00 zero CJJ face ACANTHOCTENIDS (Acanthoctenidae) resemble the Wandering Spiders (p . ninety one) yet have a cribellum . they've got leg claws . Their hackled webs are stumbled on close to the ir hiding locations below unfastened bark . approximately 25 species are recognized from the yankee tropics. ZOROPSIDS (Zoropsidae) have or 3 leg claws ; such a lot cribellates have 3 . They range from Gnaphos ids (p. 86) by way of the cribellum and via scopulae below the final leg segments . dozen species happen round the Mediterranean , in Mexico , and in imperative the US . OGRE-FACED SPIDERS (Dinopidae) often have huge, immense posterior median eyes; the remainder six eyes are small. in the course of sunlight hours they conceal in shrubs, and at evening, with a couple of parallel hackled threads, the spider makes an oblong internet supported by means of silk strains, which it holds with its entrance legs. whilst an insect ways, the net is unfold and thrown .